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分级分质,“吃干榨净”低阶煤

文章来源: 《中国能源报》(2020年10月26日 第15 版)   发布时间: 2020-10-28 10:07:42   点击次数: 0

  YUCECHULIANGGAODAWOGUOMEITANZIYUANZONGLIANGDEYIBANYISHANG,RANERQUEYINMEIHUACHENGDUDI,BUYIZHIJIERANSHAOHEYUANJULIYUNSHU,LIYONGBUDANGHAIYIZAOCHENGYANZHONGDEHUANJINGWURAN——NENGFOUYONGHAODIJIEMEI,SHIGUANMEITANZIYUANQINGJIEGAOXIAOLIYONG,YESHISHEJIHUANJINGBAOHUDEZHONGYAOWENTI,ZHENGZAIYINFAYUELAIYUEDUODEGUANZHU。

  JIZHEJINRICONGYENEIHUOXI,LINJIN“SHISANWU”MO,DUOXIANGDIJIEMEIQINGJIEGAOXIAOLIYONGGUANJIANJISHUQUDESHIZHIXINGTUPO,JINRUDAGUIMOGONGYEHUASHIFANJIEDUAN。GENJUZISHENJIEGOUHELIHUATEXING,TONGGUOYIREJIEWEILONGTOUDETIJILIYONGFANGSHI,YUANBENGUTAIDEDIJIEMEIKEZHUANHUAWEIQI、YE、GUSANZHONGBUTONGXINGTAI,JINERZAIJIAGONGHUODEQI、DIAN、YOUJIQINGJIERANLIAODENGGAOFUJIAZHICHANPIN,“SHISIWU”QIJIANYOUWANGSHIXIANDAGUIMOTUIGUANGYINGYONG。

  煤质欠佳,但占据煤炭资源半壁江山

  MEIJIEDAIBIAOZHEMEIDECHENGSHUDU。GENJUMAIZANGSHENDUBUTONG,MEITANZIYUANDEMEIHUACHENGDUYEYOUBUTONG。SHENGCHENGSHIJIANJIAODUAN、MEICENGXIANGDUIJIAOBODEDIJIEMEI,JIUSHIYIZHONGBIJIAO“NIANQING”DEMEI,YINGDUBUGAO、FARELIANGDI,QIEJUYOUDIHUI、DILIU、GAOHUIFAFEN、GAOHUOXINGJIYIRANYISUIDENGTEDIAN。QIZHIJIERANSHAODEREXIAOLVDI,HAIPAIFANGDALIANGFENCHENDENGWURANWU,DUIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGJIAOQITAMEIZHONGGENGDA。

  JINGUANMEIZHIQIANJIA,DIJIEMEIDECHULIANGQUEBURONGXIAOQU。MEITANDIZHIZONGJUDISANCIQUANGUOMEITIANYUCEXIANSHI,WOGUOCHUISHEN2000MIYIQIANDEDIJIEMEIZIYUANLIANGWEI26118.16YIDUN,ZHANQUANGUOMEITANZIYUANZONGYUCECHULIANGDE57.38%。JUSHANXIMEIYEHUAGONGJITUANFUZONGJINGLISHANGJIANXUANJIESHAO,DIJIEMEIZHUYAOFENBUZAISHANXI、NEIMENGGU、XINJIANGDENGXIBUDIQU,JIEZHI2019NIAN,CHANLIANGYIZHANDAOQUANGUOMEITANZONGCHANLIANGDE55%YISHANG。“SUIZHEMEITANZHUCHANQUXIYI,‘SHISIWU’QIJIANDIJIEMEICHANLIANGJIANGJIXUZENGJIA。”

  YEZHENGYINCI,DIJIEMEIDEKAIFALIYONGYUELAIYUESHOUDAOZHONGSHI。《MEITANSHENJIAGONGCHANYESHIFAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》TICHU,“DUICHENGMEIQIWAN、HUIFAFENHANLIANGGAO、FANYINGHUOXINGGAODEMEIJINXINGFENZHILIYONG,TONGGUOYOUPIN、TIANRANQI、HUAXUEPINHEDIANLIDELIANCHAN,SHIXIANMEITANSHIYONGJIAZHIHEJINGJIJIAZHIDEZUIDAHUA”。《NENGYUANJISHUGEMINGCHUANGXINXINGDONG(2016-2030)》YEJIANG“KAIFABAIWANDUN/NIANDIJIEMEIREJIE、YOUHUADIANLIANCHANDENGSHIFANGONGCHENG”LIEWEIZHONGDIANYANJIUDUIXIANG,YAOQIUJIAQIANGMEITANFENJIFENZHIZHUANHUAJISHUCHUANGXIN。

  “RUONENGTONGGUOLIANCHANJIDUOXIANGMEITANZHUANHUAJISHENJIAGONGJISHUJICHENGYOUHUA,SHIXIANDIJIEMEIQINGJIEGAOXIAOLIYONG,KETIGAOMEITANZHUANHUAXIAOLV,JIANGDICHANPINSHENGCHANCHENGBEN,DUIHUANJINGYEGENGYOUHAO。”ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHINIWEIDOUDUICIBIAOSHI。

  梯级利用,高效热解技术实现清洁燃烧

  JIYAOJIANGZIYUAN“CHIGANZHAJING”,YOUYAOSHIXIANQINGJIEGAOXIAOLIYONG,ZHILIANGPIANDIDEDIJIEMEINENGFOUZUODAO?DUOWEIYENEIRENSHIGAOSUJIZHE,RANSHAOSHIDIJIEMEIYINGYONGDEGUANJIANHUANJIE,DANCHUANTONGZHIJIERANSHAOFANGSHIZHILIYONGQIREZHIJIBUFENZUFEN,ZAOCHENGDALIANGLANGFEI。MUQIAN,YIREJIEJISHUWEILONGTOUJINXINGTIJILIYONG,BEIYENEIPUBIANRENWEISHIYITIAOGENGGAOXIAODETUJING。

  SHANGJIANXUANBIAOSHI,GENJUDIJIEMEIJIEGOUJILIHUATEXING,KEXUANYONGZHONGDIWENREJIEWEIHEXINDEFENJIFENZHILIYONGFANGSHI,JIANGQIZHUANHUAWEIMEIQI、MEIJIAOYOU、BANJIAOSANZHONGWUZHI,XIANGDANGYUYOUGUTIDEMEIHUODEQI、YE、GUSANZHONGNENGYUANXINGSHI。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,KEJINYIBUJIAGONGSHENGCHANJIEJINGRANLIAO、TEZHONGYOUPIN、HUAGONGPINDENGCHANPIN。“BUTONGYUYEHUA、QIHUADENGGONGYI,REJIESHIYIGEXIANGDUIHUANHEDEFANYINGGUOCHENG,JINENGBIMIANDUIMEITANFENZIGUODUCHAIFEN,HAINENGZUIDACHENGDULIYONGMEIDEFENZIJIEGOUTEDIAN。CONGNENGLIANGLIYONGJIAODU,REJIEHAIZENGJIALEHUAXUENENGDEDUOJI、DUOCENGCIZHUANHUALIYONG,KETISHENGMEITANLIYONGDEZHENGTINENGXIAO。”

  “BIAOMIANSHANGKAN,REJIEJINSHIYIGEREJIAGONGGUOCHENG,SHIJIZAICHANGYAXIAJIUNENGDEDAOMEIQI、JIAOYOUDENG,BUXUYAOJIAQINGJIAYANG。YINCI,REJIETIZHIKEWANCHENGWUZHI、NENGLIANGDETIJILIYONG,NENGYUANLIYONGXIAOLVGENGGAO、HUANJINGWURANGENGSHAO。”YIWEIZISHENZHUANJIAXIANGJIZHETOULU,JINGGUO10YUNIANTANSUO,GUOJIAZHONGDIANYANFADEMEIREJIEGONGXINGGUANJIANJISHUYIQUDEDUOXIANGTUPO,DIJIEMEIFENZHILIYONGZHENGCHUYUDAXINGGONGYEHUASHIFANJIEDUAN,“SHISIWU”QIJIANYOUWANGJINRUTUIGUANGYINGYONGQI。

  “YIMUQIANNIANCHANLIANG20DUOYIDUNJISUAN,RUONENGJIUDIFENZHIZHUANHUAYIBAN,JIKESHENGCHAN2YIDUNYOUQI,HUANJIEYOUQIDUIWAIYICUNDUGAODEJUMIAN。TONGSHIHUODE6YIDUNJIEJINGSANSHAORANLIAO,KEGONGJIZHONGDONGBUMINYONGGUOLUHEGONGYEYAOLU,YONGYUHUANJIEDANGDIWURAN。”SHANGJIANXUANCHENG。

  打破界限,与发电、化工等行业耦合发展

  JIZHEJINYIBULEJIEDAO,YOUYUFAZHANQIBUWAN、JISHUNANDUDA,DIJIEMEIYINGYONGSHANGMIANLINBUSHAONANTI。ZAI“SHISANWU”GUIHUADE5GEGUOJIAJISHIFANXIANGMUZHONG,SHANMEIHUAYULIN1500WANDUN/NIANMEITANFENZHIQINGJIEGAOXIAOZHUANHUADENGJINZHANSHUNLI,DANYEYOUXIANGMUWUNAITUICHUGUIHUAHUOTUICHIJINDU。

  “SUIRANTONGWEIDIJIEMEI,DANYINFENBUDIQUBUTONG,TEXING、DANGCIJIYONGTUDENGYEYOUBUTONG。WEICI,JIXUDUIQUANGUODIJIEMEIZIYUANJINXINGMODIFENLEI,ZAICIJICHUSHANGJIANSHEFENZHILIYONGZIYUANTIXI、XUEKETIXI,WANSHANFENJIFENZHILIYONGCHANYEFAZHANTIXI,XITONGGUIHUAGONGCHENGSHEJI、ZHUANGBEIYANFAZHIZAO、GONGCHENGJIANSHE、BIAOZHUNJIANSHEJISHICHANGPEIYUTIXI。”SHANGSHUZHUANJIABIAOSHI,YUFADIAN、HUAGONGCHANYERONGHEFAZHANSHIXIAYIBUDEFANGXIANGSUOZAI,LIRUDUIXIANYOUDIJIEMEIFADIANCHANGJINXINGREJIEFADIANOUHEGAIZAO、JIAKUAIREJIEYUTIANRANQI、QINGNENGSHENGCHANYITIHUASHISHIBUFADENG。

  SHIYOUHEHUAXUEGONGYEGUIHUAYUANFUYUANZHANGLIZHIJIANYECHENG,DIJIEMEIFENJIFENZHILIYONGXUYAOGENJUMEITANZIYUANTEDIANJINXINGSHIDUBUJU。ZAIYANFAXINYIDAIREJIEJISHUDETONGSHI,JIANYIGUANZHUREJIEYUQIHUA、RANSHAODEYOUJIJICHENG,BANJIAOYINGYONGTUOZHANJISHIFANTUIGUANG,YOU、QI、HUA、DIANDUOLIANCHANDEDIJIEMEIFENZHILIYONGGONGYEHUASHIFANDENGZHONGDIANFANGXIANG。

  “YOUYUSHEJIDECHANYELIANZHANG、CHANPINFANWEIGUANG,MEITAN、FADIAN、HUAGONGDENGCHANYEYOUFENSHUBUTONGZHUGUANBUMEN,JIANYIYOUYIGEBUMENQIANTOU、DUOBUMENCANYU,TIGAOXIANGMUSHENPIHEJIANSHEDEXIAOLV。”SHANGJIANXUANBIAOSHI,ZHIYOUDAPOXINGYEJIEXIAN,JIANGFENJIFENZHILIYONGGUANJIANHEXINJISHUYINGYONGYUGAODUANHUAGONGCAILIAO、YEJINDENGXIANGGUANXINGYE,CAINENGXINGCHENGYITIHUAXIETONGFAZHAN,ZHENZHENGDADAOMEITANZIYUANDEZONGHEGAOXIAOLIYONG。

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